Port de Beyrouth is Lebanon’s main port of lebanon , west of the Beirut River, east of St George’s Gulf on Beirut’s northern Mediterranean coast. It is one of the largest and busiest ports in the Eastern Mediterranean.
On August 4, 2020, a massive explosion caused by improperly stored ammonium nitrate occurred in a port, killing at least 221 people, injuring more than 6,000 and displacing 300,000 people. Beirut’s grain reserves have declined, causing billions of dollars of damage across the city. The lebanon port was forced to close due to massive damage from the explosion, and cargo was moved to smaller ports such as Tripoli and Tyre. According to S&P Global estimates, before the disaster, about 60% of Lebanon’s imports came through ports.
The port has earned the nickname “Ali Baba and the Cave of Forty Thieves” due to longstanding reports of corruption, including bribery and tariff evasion due to undervaluation of imports.In the early 2010s, Public Works and Transport Minister Ghazi Aridi estimated that more than $1.5 billion of tax evasion occurred annually at ports. The port of lebanon also gets this nickname by dumping cargo and sailors. The obvious occupational accidents in the aftermath of the 2020 massive explosions, political analyst Faysal Itani, deputy director of Georgetown University’s Global Policy Center, said the port, like other aspects of Lebanese society, was “pervasive cultural negligence, petty corruption and condemnation”. transfer.”
Port of Lebanon , Beirut Explosion
On August 4, 2020, a series of explosions occurred in the port. At least 204 people were killed (3 more were missing) and 6,500 were injured. The explosion initially killed several port workers, resulting in a shockwave that affected half of the city, killing several residents in their homes, as well as people in buildings and streets. The explosion destroyed much of the port, including warehouses and granaries. However, satellite imagery taken after the explosion shows that the container port is largely undamaged. As of August 14, the container port is in operation.
Up to 300,000 people may have become homeless, according to Beirut City Governor Marwan Abboud. Damage estimates are in the billions of dollars, with some estimates reaching as high as 15 billion dollars. The cruise ship Orient Queen sank in port after extensive damage.
The initial explosion may have occurred at the fireworks warehouse, but a larger explosion occurred later at the 2,750 tonnes of explosive ammonium nitrate that had been stored in the harbor’s warehouse, specifically hangar 12 for the previous six years. Nitrates arrived at the port in September 2013 on a Russian-owned Moldovan flag-fed MV Rhosus cargo ship. The vessel came from Georgia and headed for Mozambique, but was abandoned by the owner and crew in Beirut. In six letters over the next three years, port customs officials warned Lebanese authorities about the dangers of storing chemicals in ports. They asked for permission to re-export, hand over to the military, or sell to Lebanese gunpowder companies. However, no action was taken to remove the stockpile as all six letters were ignored. After the explosion in the port of Beirut, the Lebanese government placed 16 port officials under house arrest over questions about the port management.
On September 10, 2020, a major fire broke out in the port area of Beirut, which covered the sky with toxic gases. The accident occurred at an edible oil warehouse and food parcel belonging to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and spread to the stock of rubber tires in the duty-free area of the port. Panic as black smoke soared over the city’s skyline, motivating people to flee the city for fear of another explosion, and the addition of Lebanon Governor Marwan Abboud reduced traffic on the road leading to the port for Beiruts, allowing firefighters to expedite I kindly asked for it to be dealt with. fire suppression. The fire was extinguished by firefighters on the ground and a Lebanese Air Force helicopter dropping water.